Madagascar is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, claiming 5% of all of the earth's species; 80% of those species are found nowhere else on earth.
Madagascar has abject poverty (¾ of the population lives on less than $2/day) and high birth rates; the population has doubled in just one generation (about 20 years).
The local population's subsistence living often comes in conflict with the survival of plants and wildlife.
The natural environment is rapidly degrading due to:
Extreme poverty inhibits human growth and economic opportunities.
Local communities are key to successful land conservation. Through education and economic opportunities, we promote a mutually beneficial relationship to support our communities in helping to preserve and restore their natural environment.
Below are some of the community projects Fandroakando supports, which will indirectly benefit conservation of the Rabondro Reserve.
Nurturing a love of the environment at a young age is key to developing a community of people who care about their natural world.
Fandroakando will promote projects for youth, such as:
Successful rice growing depends on being able to flood the rice fields for a large part of the growing season. Ten years ago, two dams were built near the towns of Sikoro and Navana which provided a ready source of water for rice growing. However the organization which built them left Madagascar about 5 years ago and these dams have since fallen into disrepair.
There are approximately 1000 hectares of rice fields surrounding the Rabondro reserve. Due to the malfunction of these dams, yields from these rice fields have been consistenly lower and of worse quality, and so the pressure to clear more areas for rice fields has increased.
Fandroakando would like to repair these two dams so that the quantity and quality of the harvest from the existing rice fields is increased, thereby reducing the pressure to encroach on land in the Rabondro reserve.
The main agricultural crop in Madagascar is rice. And yet in this sunny climate, there are many other crop options. Vanilla is usually harvested only once a year, and cloves sometimes bear fruit only every six years.
However Madagascar's hot and humid climate is favourable to the cacao plant which can be harvested three times a year. Furthermore, there is a ready market for cacao which is sold through local NGOs to foreign markets such as Switzerland. Developing cacao plantations would be a huge economic benefit to the local community.
Agriculture is among the most important contributors to daily life: all living things need food. In the past 10 years, climate change, which often causes natural disasters, has often affected the northeastern part of Madagascar, including the population living around the Rabondro reserve. Agricultural production has continued to deteriorate as crop fields were ruined and silted up. It also complicates the current socio-political situation of Madagascar and the high population growth as the farms become more restrictive.
Fandroakando would like to train farmers in modern agricultural cultivation methods, aiming to double the yields from their existing farms.
If you would like to be involved or help out in any of the above activities, please Contact Us!
The Fandroakando NGO supports our communities through education, agriculture, health and economic opportunities.